Episode 61: Interview with Carlota Perez, Centennial Professor of International Development at the London School of Economics
Professor Carlota Perez has spent her career researching the profound impact technology has had on socio-economic development. In this fascinating interview, we explore the two distinct phases of a technological revolution as outlined by Carlota: installation – or experimental early phase – and deployment (or “Golden Age”). Carlota emphasizes the critical role governments play in this phase. By setting a clear and context-sensitive pathway for the transformation through new policies, regulations and taxes, the state can ensure a win-win outcome for both business and society. Considering the trends from the four previous technological revolutions, Carlota compares the current socio-economic situation to the 1930s and suggests how we can move forward towards a sustainable golden age for our information revolution.
Carlota Perez is a Venezuelan-British researcher and educator, currently affiliated to three universities in the UK – LSE, IIPP-UCL and SPRU (Sussex) – and to TalTech in Estonia. She specializes in the relationship between technology and socio-economic development, with a focus on techno-economic paradigm shifts and the theory of great surges (a development of Schumpeter’s work on Kondratieff waves). Her book, Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital: The Dynamics of Bubbles and Golden Ages, published in 2002, has had a profound impact on our understanding of how technology shapes our institutional, economic, and social development.